World Bank Sponsors ‘Water Resources Group’ aiming to Privatize Water Services in Less Developed Countries

Chris Buchanan, DW4L, December 8, 2011

In 2007, the World Economic Forum Water Initiative was created to “raise awareness among governments, businesses, and the expert community about the challenge of managing future water needs, and on piloting public-private-expert platforms for reform.”  http://www3.weforum.org/docs/IP/MM/Water_Resources_Group_Phase2_4pager.pdf

Out of this initiative came the 2030 Water Resources Group.  Formed in 2008, the WRG was sponsored by the International Finance Corporation, a part of the World Bank Group, which “provides investments and advisory services to build the private sector in developing countries.”  http://www.2030waterresourcesgroup.com/water_full/Charting_Our_Water_Future_Final.pdf 

Then in October 2009, WRG published a landmark report, Charting our Water Future, which analyses the global water supply-demand gap to 2030 and economic options to close the gap. Detailed case studies considered in the report include China, India, South Africa, Mexico and the state of São Paulo in Brazil. http://www.weforum.org/issues/water#note

In short, the mission of this group was not only to analyze water access worldwide, but to create a plan for privatization.  Defending Water for Life is extremely concerned about how the worldwide privatization of water services, combined with this international approach to support water commodification, will impact the human right to access water for life, and the rights of communities.

Below is an article by Corporate Accountability International from November 3, 2011, summarizing this monumental attack on the right to water for people, and not for profit:

The World Bank has launched a new partnership with global corporations including Nestlé, Coca-Cola and Veolia. Housed at the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation (IFC), the new venture aspires to “transform the water sector” by inserting the corporate sector into what has historically been a public service. The new partnership is part of a broader trend of industry collusion to influence global water policy.

The venture — called the 2030 Water Resources Group Phase 2 Entity — aligns global corporations that have major financial stakes in water governance with the World Bank, one of the world’s leading development institutions. Nestlé Chairman Peter Brabeck-Letmathe has been appointed to chair the Water Resources Group, which has already received $1.5 million in IFC funding. Nestlé is the world’s largest water bottling corporation.

Advocates for people’s access to water point to this as the latest example of water corporations’ efforts to interfere in legitimate, democratic water governance. The Water Resources Group presents a conflict of interest to the World Bank’s goal of poverty alleviation. It also advances an approach to water governance that is in incompatible with the U.N. recognized human right to water.

‘This is an unmistakably activist campaign by the private water industry to gain funding and credibility for a radical power grab, with the help of the World Bank,’ said Corporate Accountability International’s Senior Organizer Shayda Edwards Naficy. ‘According to the World Bank, 34 percent of private water contracts are in distress or terminated before maturity. Last April, the IFC’s Compliance Advisor Ombudsman reported that an astounding 40 percent of complaints received from all regions and sectors were water-related. This is evidence that water privatization has been fraught with a range of problems, including broken promises for expanded service, wasted public funds and threats to human rights, especially for the lowest income families. For the Bank to sanction this approach despite a track record of failure points to compromised decision-making at the Bank due to pervasive partnerships with and financial stakes in corporations.’

Currently, 90 percent of the world’s water-users access water through public delivery. Turning these systems over to private corporations would result in rate hikes, cutoffs and significant layoffs of water sector employees. Focusing on the private sector also distracts from the need to support governments in protecting human rights.

The Water Resources Group aims to ‘develop new normative approaches to water management,’ paving the way for an expanded private sector role into best and common practices, worldwide. In order to be eligible for support from this new fund, all projects must “provide for at least one partner from the private sector,” not simply as a charitable funder, but ‘as part of its operations.’ The group’s strategy is to insert the private sector into water management one country at a time, through a combination of industry-funded research and direct partnerships with government agencies. Currently, the Water Resources Group is formally working with the governments of Jordan, Mexico, and the Indian state of Karnataka, and discussions are ongoing with the governments of South Africa, China and several other countries slated for participation in the next phase.

‘Corporate Accountability International has consistently demonstrated the World Bank’s inherent conflicts of interest, acting as an investor, a government advisor, an arbitrator and a public relations vehicle in support of profiteering in the water sector,’ said Naficy. ‘Global water corporations must not be allowed to tap into public ‘development funds’ to promote their private agenda because case after case shows that profitability and fulfillment of human rights in the water sector are at odds.’

Corporate Accountability International (formerly Infact) is a membership organization that has, for the last 34 years, successfully advanced campaigns protecting health, the environment and human rights. Through its Campaign Challenging Corporate Control of Water, Corporate Accountability International is playing a leadership role in the global movement to secure the human right to water, and people’s access to water; prevent corporate control of water; preserve and protect water resources and systems for the public good; and preserve water resources as an ecological trust.

link to the article: http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/77639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tan Claro Como Agua Turbia (As Clear as Muddy Water)

This article is about Nestle’s targetting of Latino communities to market bottled water. The article is entirely in Spanish, but you can look up more information at: http://www.stopcorporateabuse.org/node/1571

Empresas promueven producto con más energía entre los consumidores hispanos

Róger Lindo | 2011-11-06 La Opinión

Universidades, grupos comunitarios y líderes latinos han iniciado una campaña para contrarrestar lo que denominan las técnicas manipulativas de las compañías embotelladoras de agua para comercializarla entre los hispanos a precios muy superiores a los que costaría obtenerla del grifo, que es la fuente de la mayor parte del producto envasado.

Aunque dirigida a las grandes corporaciones que dominan el negocio del agua en botella, los organizadores han enfilado sus baterías especialmente contra el conglomerado suizo Nestlé, que según ellos está promoviendo el producto con singular energía entre los consumidores hispanos.

La campaña arrancó en el Bronx, Nueva York, donde se montó una demostración con personas de ese barrio que fueron invitadas a una prueba para ver si podían diferenciar entre el agua de grifo y la de botella.

La mayoría de ellos no pudieron distinguir entre una y otra, según Erin Díaz, organizadora nacional de Corporate Accountability International, el grupo que movilizó el esfuerzo. El congresista de Arizona Raúl Grijalva y la organización National Alliance of Latin American and Caribbean Communities (NALAC) son participantes en este.

“El agua no debe ser una mercancía”, comentó Díaz, añadiendo que la campaña que se inició persigue educar a la población sobre el tema del agua, y apoyar la validez de los sistemas públicos de abastecimiento del líquido. Según ella las embotelladoras transnascionales han hecho muchos esfuerzos para cambiar la percepción que la gente tiene sobre el agua.

“Durante los últimos años estas embotelladoras han visto estancarse sus ventas, de ahí que Nestlé haga una campaña específica con la comunidad latina”. Un estudio reciente de la publicación Archivos de Medicina Pediátrica y de Adolescentes, que la campaña invoca, destacó que los padres hispanos y afroamericanos tenían triple propensión que el resto de la población a dar agua de botella en lugar de la del grifo a sus hijos. Detrás de esta costumbre se encuentra la creencia de que esta es más higiénica y saludable.

Jane Lazgin, portavoz de Nestle Water de Norteamérica, rebatió los alegatos de la campaña anticorporativa. “Nuestros productos son promovidos en todos los segmentos del mercado estadounidense y la inversión en mercadotecnia que hacemos en el caso del agua es mínima en comparación con lo que se gasta en promover las gaseosas o la cerveza”, respondió.

Enfatizó que la difusión que la compañía hace privilegia el consumo de agua por encima de otras bebidas, y fomenta su consumo. Esto es de particular importancia en el caso de los hispanos, dijo, cuyas tasas de obesidad son superiores a las de la población en general.

“Sustituir una bebida azucarada de 12 onzas y 140 calorías por agua al día te puede ahorrar 4,200 calorías al mes”, reza un anuncio desplegado en el sitio de internet de la compañía.

“Es cierto que las viñetas de nuestros producto dicen que esta origina en las fuentes públicas, pero también aclaran que se trata de agua purificada, pasada por estrictos controles de calidad que eliminan el claro y otros contaminantes”, dijo la representantes de la empresa suiza.

http://www.impre.com/laopinion/noticias/la-california/2011/11/6/tan-claro-como-agua-turbia-280989-1.html